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Author Guidelines

Submission of Manuscript:

For the initial submission of manuscripts for consideration, submit a softcopy online or through email to editor in chief/ section editors.


For initial submission of manuscripts for consideration, the manuscript should be typed double spaced on paper A4 with 2.5cm margin on all sides. Number the manuscript pages consecutively beginning with the title page. Submit an original manuscript including the text and one set of original illustrations. The manuscripts are categorized under three types – Regular Articles, Short Communications, Book Review and Review Paper. Prepare the manuscript as per style of the Journal. Manuscripts which do not fully confirm to Journal style will not be accepted.

Manuscripts should consist of the following sections.

  1. 1. Title Page
  2. 2. Key words
  3. 3. Abstracts
  4. 4. Introduction
  5. 5. Results
  6. 6. Discussion
  7. 7. Acknowledgment (if any)
  8. 8. References
  9. 9. Tables

10. Figures/ illustrations

  1. 1. Title Page:
    1. The title page must contain:
    2. Title
    3. Authors name(s)
    4. Illustration from which the paper emanated with city, state, country, postal code and email address
    5. Name, address, telephone number, fax number and email address of the person to whom all the correspondence is to be addressed.

  1. 2. Key words:

Key words should be included, should not repeat terms used in the article title and should not exceed 6 characters and spaces.

  1. 3. Abstracts:

The Abstracts should consist of 250 words or less. The abstract should be written in complete sentences and should clearly state the objectives, the experimental design of the paper, principal observations and conclusions.

  1. 4. Text (introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion)
    1. Indent the first line of every paragraph
    2. Do not divide words at the ends of lines
    3. Do not begin sentences with abbreviations
    4. The word ‘Figure’ is not abbreviated in the text, except when it appears in parentheses: (Fig. 2) (Figs. 4-6)
    5. Always spell out numbers when they stand as the first word in a sentence; do not follow such numbers with abbreviations. Numbers indicating time, weight, and measurements are to be in Arabic Numerals when followed by abbreviations (e.g. 5 mm, 4 sec, 9 ml)
    6. Use Times New Roman font for Text
  1. 5. Acknowledgment (if any):

The acknowledgment should consist of 150 words or less. The acknowledgment should be written in complete sentences.

  1. 6. Footnotes:

Footnotes to a table should be typed directly beneath the table and numbered with superscripts (1,2,3 etc). They should not be numbered in sequence with the footnotes in the next.

  1. 7. References:

References in the text: references citations in the text should be in parentheses and include author name(s) and year of publication. Text citations of two or more works at the time should be given in chronological order. When citing a paper written by three or more authors, write the name of the first author plus ‘et al’. (However, all authors must be given in the reference section). Where there are two or more papers by the same author in one year, distinguishing letter (a,b,c,…) should be added to the year.

The references list must be arranged alphabetically by Author’s or Author’s surname(s) and chronologically for each author in the following style.

  1. 1. Journals:

Ali, M. 2005. Mycoflora associated with seeds of different sunflower cultivators and its managements. J. Bio. Mol. Sci. 18: 213-216.

  1. 2. Books:

Ali, M. 2005. Mycoflora of Pakistan. Shahin Publisher, Lahore, Pakistan.

  1. 3. Sections of Books:

Ali, M. and Sultan, A. 2004. Mango malformation. In: Plant Diseases of International Importance. (Eds.): Rehman, S., Amin, H. and Iqbal, Z. Shahin Publisher, Lahore, Pakistan. pp. 131-159.

  1. 4. Thesis/ Dissertation:

Daud, M.K. 2010. Genetic diversity of rice varieties in Pakistan. PhD Thesis, unpublished. University of Science & Technology, Lahore, Pakistan.

  1. 5. Website:

Sultan, R. 2008. Title. (retrieved 2/19/2013)

When there are more than five authors use et al. in place of rest of the authors.

  1. 8. Tables:

All tables must be cited in the text. They should be numbered consecutively with Arabic Numerals. Type double spaced. Indicate in the margin where the tables are to appear in the text. Table titles should be complete but brief. Information other than that defining the data should be presented in footnotes, not in the table heading. Please consult a current issue of our journal for table heading format.

  1. 9. Figures/ illustrations:
    1. All figures must be cited in the text. Figure legends are to be numbered consecutively as follows:
    2. Fig. 1…, Fig. 2…, and should follow the sequence of reference in the text.
    3. Type double spaced.
    4. Abbreviations for all figures should be listed alphabetically and placed before the first figure mentioning them.
    5. Whenever possible, figures should be integrated into the text. References to relevant text pages can often reduce the length of legends and avoid redundancy.

10. Numbering

Figures, including charts and graphs should be numbered consecutively.

11. Metric system:

The metric system should be used for all measurements; weight etc. temperatures should always be expressed in degrees Celsius (centigrade). Metric abbreviations, as listed below, should be expresses in lower case without periods.

  1. Length: km (kilometer), m (meter), cm (centimeter), mm (millimeter), µm (micrometer) (micron), nm (nanometer), pm (picometer), Å (Ångstrom unit) (10 Å = 1nm).
  2. Area: km2 (square kilometer), m2 (square meter), mm2 (square centimeter), nm2 (square millimeter), µm2 (square micrometer), nm2 (square nanometer), km3 (cubic kilometer), m3 (cubic meter), cm3 (cubic centimeter), mm3 (cubic millimeter), µm3 (cubic micrometer), nm3 (cubic nanometer).
  3. Volume: kl (kiloliter), liter (always spell out), ml (millimeter), µl (microliter), nl (nanoliter), pl (picoliter).
  4. Weight: kg (kilogram), gm (gram), mg (milligram), µg (microgram), ng (nanogram), pg (pictogram)

12. Symbols:

When proceed by a digit, the following symbols are to be used: % percent, ° for degrees.

13. Size:

An article should not generally exceed fifteen printed pages. The authors would be charged for additional pages even if a longer article is accepted for publication. Reporting of frequency data may be accepted in the form of small report. Such reports generally not exceed four pages including tables/figures.

14. List of referees:

The contributor may send the names of at least three referees in the field of

specialization as the subject of the paper demands, which may be requested for review of the paper (separate list of different referees for each paper). The referees should be other that the members of editorial board of the journal (provide their postal and email addresses and field of specialization.

15. Accepted paper:

After final acceptance, the article should be submitted online or email the text to editor in chief. Acceptance of paper will be acknowledged via email. Paper fee will be charged (Rs. 1000, US$100).

Authorization and Declaration:

Authors must accept full responsibility for the content of their articles. The members of the editorial board and the publisher of the journal are not responsible for the statements and opinions expressed by the authors in their articles/ write-up published in the journal. It is also for the authors to seek the permission whose copyrighted material they may use in preparation of their manuscript. While submitting the paper the author(s) must give a declaration that, ‘the article has not been published or sent for publication elsewhere’.


An article should not generally exceed fifteen printed pages ( double spaced typed pages of MS Word). The authors would be charged for additional pages even if a longer article is accepted for publication.


A single set of page and illustration proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for correction of typographical errors only; alterations other than correction of printer errors will be charged to the author. All correction should be marked clearly, directly on page proofs.

Special issue/ Volume:

Scientists are welcome to edit an entire special issue/ volume of the journal in their field of specialization as a Guest Editor. For details write to the Chief Editor.

Reviews/Book Reviews

Reviews/Book reviews are solicited by the Editor/Managing Editor. Unsolicited reviews will not ordinarily be considered for publication. A book review should begin by stating the Title, Author(s) Publisher, Date, Page Count, Price and ISBN of the work reviewed.

The review should include no other front matter (title, abstract, key words, headings, tables or illustrations). Bibliographical citations should be avoided if possible. The reviewer’s name and address should be placed at end of the review.

Notes and Comments:

The notes and comments section is reserved for short articles of general interest and responses to previously published items. Three categories of items are included in the notes and comments section.

  1. Technical notes
  2. Brief communications

Technical notes: these are very short, methodological articles.

Brief communications: It reports the outcome of a very small, problem based study papers submitted as a technical notes or brief communication, should not ordinarily exceed 4 double spaced pages, including the cover page and references cited section. Tables, figures, and references cited should be minimized


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Submission of a manuscript implies that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract of as part of a published lecture or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.


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ISSN: 2311-4630

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